Pediatric Neurology

Treatments & Procedures

A wide range of serious medical and surgical conditions are treated by our PICU staff members and pediatric specialists. Typical diagnoses include respiratory failure, seizures, diabetic ketoacidosis, septic shock, multiple organ failure, multi-trauma, cardiac arrest and specialized surgeries, among others.

One of the principal reasons to admit a patient into an intensive care unit is to be able to keep a very close eye on their progress. To do this, most patients are connected to several different types of monitor, which continuously measure important aspects of the patient's well-being. The most common types of monitoring are:

The Neurodiagnostics Program provides diagnostic testing for the following diagnoses or conditions:Acute Onset of Stupor/Coma, Acute Paralysis or Hemiparesis, Congenital anomalies of the CNS, Epilepsy, Headache, Movement Disorders, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuromuscular Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury and Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury.


Our world-class Neuromuscular Disorders program considers patient care fundamental to our work and the commitment we make to the families who come to us from across the country.

Our program not only offers leading specialists from key disciplines, we also coordinate patient care across each specialty. Patients benefit from coordinated care ranging from specialists in Neurology, Cardiology, Pulmonary Medicine and Endocrinology—all with expertise in pediatric neuromuscular disorders. But that's only part of the story.

KIMS is a recognized leader in managing the treatments and outcomes of neuromuscular patients, but we're also one of only a few institutions in the country actively working on a cure.

Neuromuscular Disorders utilizes a multidisciplinary team to work specifically with children suffering from disorders such as muscular dystrophy, myositis and congenital myopathy, neuropathies and myasthenic disorders, among others. Our range of services includes:

  • Coordinated care with pediatric specialists:
  • Neurology
  • Cardiology
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Medical and rehabilitation supplies
  • Neuromuscular laboratory service
  • Physical therapy
  • Respiratory therapy


Advanced surgical techniques for rare brain tumors, epilepsy or Chiari malformations. Urgent interventions for injuries due to trauma or stroke. Neurosurgery at KIMS provides the best possible care to all pediatric patients with neurosurgical needs.

Our staff works closely with the departments of Anesthesia, Neurology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Hematology/Oncology &BMT and many others to promote positive outcomes for neurosurgical patients from birth to age 21, and to selected adults with congenital neurological disorders.

Conditions treated in Neurosurgery:

  • Aneurysms
  • AVMs (arteriovenous malformations)
  • Brachial plexus injury
  • Brain tumors
  • Cavernous angiomas
  • Chiari malformations
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Epilepsy (when surgery is required)
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Neurological birth defects
  • Neurological trauma
  • Pediatric disc disease
  • Peripheral nerve injury
  • Spasticity
  • Spina bifida
  • Spinal disorders
  • Tethered cord
  • Trauma

Vascular disease

The experience and expertise of our neurosurgical team allows the provision of state-of-the-art care. Our surgeons value collaborative relationships with primary care physicians and believe in maintaining communication to support ongoing patient care. The team's expertise includes minimally invasive endoscopic procedures to decrease the impact on the patient, minimize pain and promote faster recovery. They also specialize in minimally invasive treatment of intraventricular pathology and appropriate brain tumors.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

The Section of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) at KIMS specializes in the diagnosis and management of children with physically disabling conditions. Our physicians are board-certified specialists with additional certification with either Pediatric Board Certification or Pediatric Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Fellowship training. We offer a Comprehensive Pediatric Family-Centered Care Inpatient Rehabilitation Program. Our Day Treatment Program can be customized to meet the needs of the patient/family. Our Rehabilitation Clinic is established for follow-up visits, as well as evaluation for potential admission.

Services include :

  • Baclofen pump evaluation and management
  • Botulirium toxin injections
  • Bracing and prosthetic evaluation and prescription
  • Comprehensive Inpatient Pediatric Family Centered Rehabilitation Program
  • Concussion Clinic
  • Electrodiagnosis (EMG & NCV)
  • Inpatient Consultation
  • Outpatient evaluation & management of physically disabling conditions
  • Spasticity Management
  • Wheelchair and seating evaluation and prescription

Conditions treated include :

  • Amputation/limb deficiency
  • Anoxic Brain Injury
  • Arthritis
  • BMT
  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Brain injury - traumatic and non-traumatic
  • Brain Tumors
  • Burns
  • Cancer
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Conversion Disorders
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Developmental Delay
  • Diabetes
  • Down Syndrome
  • Encephalitis
  • Feeding and Swallowing Disorders
  • Guillain-Barré
  • Hand Injury
  • Head and Spinal Cord Injury
  • Hemophilia
  • Meningitis
  • Muscular dystrophy and muscle disorders
  • Myelomeningocele (spina bifida)
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Orthopedic Fractures
  • Orthopedic Injuries
  • Orthopedics and Athletic Injuries
  • OT/PT related conditions
  • Peripheral nerve injuries
  • Physical Rehabilitation
  • Physically disabling conditions
  • Post-operative Baclofen Pump insertions
  • Post–operative Dorsal Rhizotomy
  • Prematurity
  • Pulmonary Disorders
  • Sensory Integration Dysfunction
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Spasticity and abnormal tone
  • Spina Bifida
  • Spinal Cord Injury and Disease
  • Spinal Cord Tumors
  • Stroke
  • Torticollis
  • Transverse Myelitis
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleep Medicine

The Sleep Disorders Center KIMS assists primary care physicians and specialists with the diagnosis and treatment of infants, children and adolescents with sleep problems. Whatever the cause, the Sleep Disorders Program at KIMS can comprehensively evaluate patients and make appropriate treatment recommendations.Overnight sleep study, called polysomnography, is the standard for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Patients are monitored throughout the night, measuring brainwaves, nasal and oral airflow, EKG, EEG, REM sleep, oxygen saturation, expired carbon dioxide, EMG, and chest wall and abdominal wall movement. Review of the study by the Center director determines whether the patient is at risk and needs to be seen in clinic that day, or whether the patient can be sent home with or without a therapeutic device.

Hear it from

Our Patients

Master Nikita

Pediatric Neurology



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