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What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?

A progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function is the characteristic of chronic kidney disease (CKD), commonly known as chronic kidney failure.

Your body may accumulate hazardous amounts of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes if you have advanced chronic renal disease. Your kidneys filter the blood of wastes and surplus fluid, which is then eliminated through urine.

Kidney disease may have no symptoms till it reaches an advanced stage. 50% of CKD patients realize they have kidney disease when they have already reached stage 5. So screening for Kidney disease is the best way to detect it in time. Those who are at risks like- Hypertensives, Diabetics, Obese, smokers, alcoholics, those with any other chronic diseases like COPD, Heart disease, Liver disease, arthritis, or those using Pain killers regularly, and those who are above 40 years – should screen themselves for kidney disease at least once a year. Treating chronic renal disease aims to stop or slow kidney damage from progressing, generally by addressing the underlying cause and the risk factors that cause rapid progression when not controlled.

Benefits of CKD Care at KIMS Hospitals:

Slows the Progression of Kidney Disease

Cardio Protection is Offered

Improved Overall Health

More Energy

More Freedom to do Regular Daily Activities

Improved Quality of Life

Our Specialists

profile photo ofDr. Krishna Vijaykumar Patil
Dr. Krishna Vijaykumar Patil
Consultant Nephrologist & Transplant Physician
Get treated by the top rated specialist in the city

What Conditions Cause Kidney Damage?

Life Style Diseases

Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity, Smoking, Pain killer abuse, Metal containing indigenous medicines, are some of the common causes for Kidney disease.


A set of illnesses known as glomerulonephritis induce inflammation and damage to the filtration organs of the kidney. These conditions represent the third most prevalent category of renal disease.

Inherited Disease

PKD, a common genetic illness that results in the formation of massive cysts in the kidneys and harms the surrounding tissue, is an example of an inherited disease.

Prenatal Kidney and Urinary Tract Abnormalities

Birth defects that arise as a baby grows inside its mother's womb. For instance, a constriction may happen, preventing the urine's usual outflow and causing it to flow back up to the kidney. This results in infections and might harm kidneys.

Autoimmune Diseases

An autoimmune illness is one in which the immune system of the body rebels against it. One such autoimmune condition, lupus nephritis, causes swelling or scarring of the tiny blood capillaries in your kidney that filter waste.

Chronic Kidney Disease – Symptoms

Until their kidney disease is advanced, the majority of people may not exhibit any significant symptoms. These symptoms may indicate Chronic Kidney Disease:

  • A fluid excess brings on a rise in blood pressure.
  • Swelling over the face and feet or all over the body – due to fluid accumulation.
  • Fluid in lungs – can cause breathlessness on walking, at rest, or lying down.
  • Fatigue and weakness – due to low Haemoglobin
  • Headaches due to high blood pressure (BP).
  • Nausea, Vomiting, Loss of appetite, itching all over the body, and disturbed sleep cycle can be seen in advanced kidney disease – indicating the need for dialysis.
  • If appropriate care is not initiated despite dialysis requiring symptoms- patients may get seizures (fits) and develop loss of consciousness or fluid around the heart – needing urgent dialysis.
  • Hyperkalaemia: High potassium in the blood can cause heart rhythm abnormalities and even sudden death, especially when the Potassium level in the blood crosses – 6.
  • Back pain, or bone pains – due to low calcium absorption from the diet.

Dialysis Center at KIMS Hospitals, Gachibowli

KIMS Dialysis Center is one of the best dialysis centers in Hyderabad because – our water quality is ultrapure, ensured every month with thorough disinfection of the storage tanks and pipelines, and water quality checks done with monthly tests. Water quality is the best determinant of how inflamed the patient will be. 

We have experienced and best Nephrologists, Technicians, and Nurses who treat patients medically and comfort them with their personal care and rapport.

We not only do regular Haemodialysis but also advanced therapies like Hemodiafiltration, Expanded Dialysis, and Adsorption cartridges like HA 130 - for better toxin removal and improvement in the quality of life of the dialysis patients.

For Acute Kidney Failure patients who are very sick and admitted to ICU, requiring life support—we also have the most advanced type of dialysis facilities like – CRRT (Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy), SLED (Slow Low-efficiency Dialysis), Adsorption therapies like Cytosorb, HA330, Hemofeel, etc.

The unique feature of our Dialysis Unit

  • We perform all dialysis-related monthly investigations – free of charge for our dialysis patients—this ensures – every patient receives appropriate medication review based on their monthly results – without fail or delay. This has led to better outcomes for our patients in terms of quality of life and Longevity of Life. 
  • Every dialysis patient receives the necessary vaccinations – and a proper record is kept – to ensure they are all protected.
  • Dietician consult is given complimentary as required to dialysis patients
  • Each patient receives a Welcome Kit – containing all dialysis and transplant-related educational material for patient awareness.
  • Physiotherapists are involved in helping patients improve their physical capacity with facilities like NMES for those who cannot exercise themselves. 

Kidney Transplant Unit at KIMS Gachibowli

The most experienced team of Transplant Surgeons, anesthetists, and Nephrologists is the key to the success of our Kidney Transplant patients. We are equipped to perform ABO-incompatible (Across Blood Group) transplants, Desensitization protocols for highly sensitized recipients with donor-specific antibodies, Steroid free protocols for appropriate candidates.

Clear doubts with


Who is a Nephrologist? -

A physician who treats patients with kidney issues and associated high blood pressure, is known as a Nephrologist. Early referral to a nephrologist after a kidney disease diagnosis is crucial for maintaining and safeguarding renal function. As a specialist in kidney illness, a nephrologist has the knowledge and experience to develop a treatment plan specific to your needs.

What are the 5 stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)? -

• Stage 1 CrCl > 90 • Stage 2 CrCl 60-89 • Stage 3 CrCl 30-59 • Stage 4 CrCl 15-29 • Stage 5 CrCl < 15 or Dialysis or Kidney Transplant

What is Kidney Biopsy? -

A kidney biopsy is a test where a small piece of kidney tissue is removed by a needle. The tissue is examined under a microscope to determine the cause of kidney disease.

What tests are performed to evaluate and track the health of my kidneys? -

Blood Tests, Urine Tests & Imaging Tests are performed to evaluate & track the health of your kidney.

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