General surgery, despite the name, is actually a surgical specialty. General surgeons not only perform surgeries for a wide range of common ailments, but are also responsible for patient care before, during, and after surgery. All surgeons must start their general surgery training; many then focus on another specialty.
General surgeons are trained to operate on the following:
- Laparoscopic surgery (keyhole surgery)for all abdominal wall and groin hernias, Gall bladder, and appendix surgeries.
- Repair of all abdominal hernias, including abdominoplasty
- Head and Neck Surgery: Endoscopic thyroidectomy, parotidectomy, Lymph node excision, etc.
- Breast: Excision of breast lump, simple Mastectomy, Modified radical Mastectomy
- Treatment of peripheral vascular disease, including diabetic foot infections
- Treatment of varicose vein including sclerotherapy Trendelenburg operations/stripping and multiple ligation Skin and soft tissue infections such as cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis/Fournier gangrene, etc.
- Benign and malignant tumors of the skin and soft tissues
- Open repair of all abdominal hernias, including abdominoplasty
- Surgical treatment of bowel, including bowel malignancies
- Painless surgical procedure for piles, fistula, fissure, and prolapse, including stapler haemorrhoidectomies. Endoscopic fistula surgery (VAAFT)
- Emergency treatment for chest and abdominal trauma
In addition, general surgeons are expected to have knowledge and experience in:
- Surgical critical care
- Surgical oncology
Despite the term "general", surgeons that practice general surgery are highly skilled surgeons that typically operate on common abdominal complaints, including appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach, and intestinal issues.