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MITRAL VALVE REPLACEMENT SURGERY – COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Dr. V. S. Srinath, Monday, October 28, 2019

WHAT IS MITRAL VALVE REPAIR SURGERY?

Mitral Valve surgery is conducted when there is a leaky mitral valve identified medically as mitral regurgitation or a tight mitral valve that leads to mitral stenosis. The former is corrected by mitral valve replacement surgery while the latter by mitral valve repair operation. If the corrections are not made this condition may lead to ischemic attacks or heart enlargement either of which cannot be ignored says the valverepair surgeons in Hyderabad


WHAT ARE THE PROCEDURES FOR MITRAL VALVE REPAIR SURGERY?

Two procedures can be adopted for Mitral Valve Repair surgery namely:

Sternotomy: Larger incisions or smaller incisions are made depending on the kind of mitral valve complaint

Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery: It is a minimally invasive robotic surgery used to correct he mitral valve


WHAT ARE THE STEPS INVOLVED IN MITRAL VALVE SURGERY?

The procedure may take 2-4 hours and the steps include:

  • The patient is placed o heart-lung machine so that the rest of the body is getting the blood and oxygen supply
  • The heart valve is stopped and the surgery begins to correct the mitral valve
  • The chords are placed in the appropriate area. The valve stops leaking.
  • For the prolapsed valves extra mitral valve leaflet tissues are cut out.
  • A band called the annuloplasty ring is placed around the valve
  • The valve is now tested if the leak is fixed.
  • The heart is restarted
  • The heart-lung machine is removed
  • The chest is closed


CAN ALL THE MITRAL VALVES BE REPAIRED?

Not all the mitral valves can be fixed. The complications will arise if the patient is having:

  • An enlarged heart
  • Degenerated and calcified valve
  • A rheumatic heart valve
  • Multiple mitral annular calcification

However, only an experienced Mitral Valve Surgery specialist in India will be able to take the right decision whether or not he will repair the existing mitral valve or simply replaceit to avoid any further recurrence. If the mitral valve is replaced then it is called mitral valve replacement surgery in case it is corrected then the procedure is called as Mitral Valve Repair Surgery.


CAN MITRAL VALVES BE REPAIRED WITHOUT SURGERY?

The mitraclip procedure is the method adopted to repair the mitral valve repair surgery without having to conduct an open surgery. This is essentially decided by the cardiology team based on the condition of the patient.The best doctor for heart valve treatment in Hyderabad too waits for the affirmation by his cardiology team.


WHAT IS ROBOTIC MITRAL VALVE REPAIR?

With the help of Da Vinci Robots the Robotic Mitral Valve surgeries are lot easier than the traditional ones for it wins over the disadvantages associated with conventional surgeries such as larger incisions and longer time for recovery, more trauma and blood loss.


HOW LONG DOES A MITRAL VALVE LAST?

A mitral valve surgery is the best solution and one will not have issues foras long as fifteen years when conducted by the experienced professionals at one of the best heart valve surgery hospitals in Hyderabad.


WHAT ARE THE RESTRICTIONS AFTER MITRAL VALVE SURGERY?

Blood thinner is adviced for four weeks

Heavy weights are not be lifted

No driving until three weeks post-surgery

Resuming back to office depends on the patient when he feels better

With the procedures such as mitraclip and robotic surgery the recovery is faster.


WHY KIMS?

KIMS is one of the best hospitals for heart valve surgery as it has the most experienced surgeons who have played a pivotal role in resuming their patients’lives through their successful surgeries.

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