Kidney stones are small, hard rocks that are made within the kidneys. Sometimes kidney stones cause no symptoms. Other times, they cause blood in the urine and/or severe pain in the side or back. When kidney stones are large or there is more than one, they may block the flow of urine.
There are four types of stones:
- Calcium Stones: people who form this type of stone either have too much of one type of three chemicals in their urine or not enough of another. In particular, they have either too much calcium, oxalate, or urate in their urine, or too little citrate. Eating too much salt may cause too much calcium to stay in the urine A few patients will have kidney stones from an overproduction of the calcium controlling hormone, parathormone. Drinking milk does not cause kidney stones.
- Struvite Stones: Chronic infection of the urine generally causes these stones. The bacteria responsible for the infection cause a chemical alteration of urine which leads to this type of stone.
- Uric Acid Stones: This type of stone forms when the urine is too acidic, which causes excessive uric acid production.
- Cystine stones: These stones form because of an inherited condition in which the body cannot clear a chemical called cystine from the blood. Usually, other family members have the same condition.
At KIMS, we have pioneered the most advanced and patient-friendly treatments in the treatment of Kidney Stones. Our expert Urologists have access to state-of-the-art equipment and cutting edge technology for the treatment of kidney stones.