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MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS – HOW THESE IMPACT WORK

Dr. A. Srinivasa Rao, Thursday, October 31, 2019

WHAT ARE MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS?

Musculoskeletal disorders can affect muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and the blood system, and can include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, lower back pain and tension neck syndrome. They can be a major cause of loss of productivity in the workplace. In fact, musculoskeletal disorders are the main reason for long-term absence.


WHERE DO MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AFFECT THE BODY?

Common areas of the body to be affected by musculoskeletal pain include the hands, wrists, elbows, neck, shoulders, lower back, hips, ankles and feet. Work activities which are frequent and repetitive (e.g. prolonged keyboard use), or activities with awkward postures, heavy lifting or physical strain can cause, or exacerbate, these conditions.

It isn’t necessarily the nature of a person’s movements that cause the musculoskeletal pain (they are often ordinary movements such as bending, straightening, gripping, holding, twisting, clenching and reaching). It is the fact that a person may make the same movements repetitively, often at speed and using force, and with no recovery time between movements that makes them hazardous.

In some cases, the person’s work may be poorly designed, which means that their work position or posture is awkward.


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

The most common symptom associated with musculoskeletal disorders is pain although some sufferers report joint stiffness, muscle tightness, ‘pins and needles’ and redness and swelling of the affected area. Musculoskeletal disorders can range from mild to severe and, as they are cumulative in nature, can be measured depending on the severity/longevity of the pain and the extent to which the pain affects a person’s ability to work:

  • Early Signs: Aching/tiredness of the affected limb may occur during the work shift but disappears when the person stops working and does not affect the person’s ability to work.
  • Persistent Signs: Aching/tiredness occur early in the work shift and persist at night, and may make it difficult for the person to do repetitive work.
  • Advanced Condition: Aching, fatigue, and weakness continue constantly and the person may struggle to sleep and perform light duties.


HOW TO PREVENT MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS?

In order to limit the number of cases of musculoskeletal disorders, organisations should perform comprehensive risk assessments and ensure they comply with existing legislation and good practice guidance. Musculoskeletal disorders can cause acute symptoms, which may develop gradually and be cumulative, and can lead to loss of productivity, sickness absence and, potentially, occupational disability. Employees feeling any pain or discomfort should be encouraged to report it to their manager, and any musculoskeletal pain should be discussed with doctors.


WHY KIMS?

KIMS, one of the best orthopaedic hospitals in Hyderabad, specializes in treating a broad spectrum of orthopaedic conditions including musculoskeletal disorders through our full-service facility, from minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery, to conservative medical treatment, to more aggressive surgical intervention when necessary.

Our bone disorder specialist doctors in Hyderabad are sub-specialty trained in areas such as foot and ankle, hand and upper extremity, shoulder, knee, joint replacement, paediatric and adolescent orthopaedic conditions, spinal disorders and sports medicine. Our patients rely on our orthopaedic expertise for the fastest possible recovery and healing, to preserve range of motion, and for return to normal daily activities.

We can proudly claim to have the best orthopaedic in Hyderabad who also with our multi- disciplinary orthopaedic team are committed to managing your care and following your progress carefully. From state-of- the-art diagnosis, through treatment, rehabilitative and physical therapy -- our goal is to get you back to living the fullest life possible.

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