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Total hip replacement (THR) is surgery to replace a hip joint damaged by wear, injury, or disease. It is also called total hip arthroplasty. The hip joint is where the top of your femur (thigh bone) sits in the socket of your pelvic bone. The joint is held together by ligaments and muscles. The top of your femur is shaped like a ball and covered with cartilage. Cartilage is a tissue that helps joints move.
Although rare, your implant may become loose or move out of place. If this happens, you may need another surgery to replace the implant. You may need surgery to remove infected tissues. You may need surgery to remove your implant if you have an allergic reaction to the materials. You may get a blood clot in your limb. This may become life-threatening.
You may have more hip pain, or your hip joint may become stiff or numb. Your joint movement may not be as stable as it was before your surgery. You may have bone loss, or the bones near the implant area may break or crack. You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. Your nerves, blood vessels, ligaments, or muscles may be damaged during surgery.
Your doctor may use general anaesthesia or a spinal block. General anaesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during surgery. The following procedures are followed:
The conventional hip replacement involves one incision. Your doctor will make the incision either along the front, side, or back of your hip.
The minimally invasive hip replacement surgery involves a smaller incision that is about 4 to 8 inches in length. Your doctor may make an incision along the front, side, or back of your hip. He will use fluoroscopy (a type of x-ray) to guide him during the surgery.
The ball of your femur and the socket of your pelvis will be removed. A hip implant will replace the bones that were removed. Your doctor may use medical cement to secure the implant parts.
He may use an implant that has a porous surface. This surface allows your own bone to grow and fill the pores of the implant. Your doctor may use both cement to hold the ball in place, and a porous socket implant. A drain may be placed to remove extra blood and fluids from the surgery area. Your incision will be closed with stitches or staples and covered with a bandage.
You may need to stay in the hospital for up to 5 days. Your doctor will teach that it is important to cough and deep breath after your procedure. Doctors will teach how to sit up and move without causing damage to your hip. You will have a special pillow between your legs to keep your legs from crossing and causing damage to your hip. You will be able to walk within the first day after surgery.
KIMS, one of the Best Orthopaedic Surgery Hospitals in Hyderabad, has among the most advanced, comprehensive programs for hip and knee replacement in the country. We have the best Hip Replacement Surgeon in Hyderabad and perform more than 2,000 total hip and knee replacements annually, using the latest minimally invasive techniques, with clinical outcomes that are among the best in the nation.
Our program offers a complete continuum of care, making us Best Ortho Hospitals in Hyderabad. From initial consultation through pre-operative education, surgery, an average three-day recovery in the hospital and outpatient physical therapy, you will feel confident knowing that your care is in the hands of experts who specialize in hip and knee replacements.