Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss. Long-term complications from high blood sugar include heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy which can result in blindness, kidney failure, and poor blood flow in the limbs which may lead to amputations.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a group of conditions in which fat builds up in the liver, leading to inflammation of the cells where it is stored and causing the liver to get bigger. It can progress to more serious conditions, including fibrosis and cirrhosis of the liver.
Diabetes does not cause fatty liver disease. Instead, the two diseases tend to occur in the same people because the same conditions cause both problems. People with diabetes also have obesity and insulin resistance, and so the fatty liver is thought to be part of that. In most cases of fatty liver disease do not cause any harm. However, since type 2 diabetes and obesity are so common, fatty liver disease is now a leading cause of end-stage (fatal) liver disease requiring a liver transplant.
Fatty liver disease has no symptoms. People who are being treated for diabetes will have liver enzyme tests as part of their routine blood work during medical exams. Ninety-nine percent of the cases of fatty liver disease are detected by this test. In some cases, it will be picked up during the physical exam or in imaging studies, like a computed tomography scan of the abdomen or a liver ultrasound.
There are no drugs that treat fatty liver disease. Instead, this condition is treated indirectly with lifestyle changes such as losing weight, getting in better physical shape, and controlling blood sugar and triglycerides — fats in the blood that can contribute to fatty liver.
Type 2 diabetes, obesity, and fatty liver disease seem to go hand-in- hand. But it is not a given that if you have type 2 diabetes you will automatically develop fatty liver disease. Since obesity, insulin resistance, and high levels of triglycerides in the blood increase the risk of fatty liver disease, treating these other conditions can prevent its development.
Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight if you are overweight or obese; exercising regularly; and controlling your blood sugar and triglyceride levels will go a long way toward safeguarding against fatty liver disease.
At KIMS, one of the Best Fatty Liver Treatment Hospitals in Hyderabad, we treat all kinds of liver and pancreatic issues, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatitis, fatty liver pain as well as liver and pancreatic transplants. Our best fatty liver treatment specialist doctors in Hyderabad ensure best using the latest advanced technology and treatment methodology. In fact, in the worst-case scenario, we are the best pancreatic transplant Hospitals in Hyderabad in case patients need pancreatic transplant.