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Dr. Purna Paritala, Monday, November 4, 2019

Acute Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys lose the ability to filter the wastes, salts and fluids. When they do not get filtered they get accumulated in the body which can be life threatening. It could be because of a renal failure or an acute kidney injury.

Causes :

Acute kidney failure can be caused due to several reasons. They include:

  • Urinary tract obstruction
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dehydration
  • Illness
  • Another surgery
  • Severe dehydration
  • Acute tubular necrosis
  • Auto immune kidney diseases
  • Haemorrhage
  • Shock
  • Surgery

There are certain other disorders as well that account for the failure of the kidneys. Clots in the blood vessels too lead to acute kidney failure. They include:

  • Maliganant hypertension
  • Transfusion reaction
  • Sceroderma
  • Haemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Idiopathic thrombocytophenic thrombotic purpura
  • Other infections such as pyelonephritis and septicaemia

Pregnancy related complications such as placenta previa and placenta abruption.

Risks :

Certain risks add on to kidney failure

  • Age could be a reason
  • Kidney or a liver disease
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease

Symptoms :

The symptoms of kidney failure include:

  • Swelling
  • Tiredness
  • Pain in the ribs and hips
  • Blood in the stools
  • Seizures
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

Diagnosis :

The test results that show abnormal ranges affirm the condition of an acute kidney failure. The tests include:

  • Serum potassium
  • Serum sodium
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)
  • Urine analysis

Apart from that abdominal x-ray, CT scan, abdominal MRI also determines a blockage in your urinary tract.

Treatment :

Fix an appointment with the nephrologist KIMS Hospitals, Hyderabad, who will evaluate your condition and then will he initiate a Kidney failure treatment. In most cases, the initial goal is to restore kidney function. Consumption of fluids is restricted. A diet rich in carbohydrates and low in potassium, salt and protein is advised.

Simultaneously, antibiotics are given to avoid any infections that occur at that same time. In order to balance the blood potassium levels, calcium and insulin is maintained. Diuretics are given to eliminate fluids from the body.

Dialysis becomes essential in few other cases. The body is connected to an external machine where the blood is diverted from the body in to the machine and filters the waste from the system. The filtered blood later enters the body. Dialysis is recommended especially when your potassium levels are high; when there is a change in your mental state; when you stop urinating; if you have pericarditis; or inflammation in the heart.


KIMS Hospitals has the Best kidney transplant doctors in Hyderabad is known to be one of the best kidney transplant surgery hospital in Hyderabad with the best medical facility. Kidney failure treatment at KIMS Hospitals in Hyderabad is by professionals who have in-depth knowledge about acute kidney failure cases. The treatment or the transplant procedures are conducted taking all the precautionary measures and there have been a hundred per cent success rates.



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