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HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY

Dr. I. Vishwanatha Reddy, Thursday, October 31, 2019

The hip is one of the body’s largest joints, which is a ball and socket joint. Acetabulum forms the socket, the femoral head is the ball which is covered with a smooth tissue called cartilage. Ligaments connect the ball to the socket to provide stability to the joint.

First Hip replacement surgery was performed in the year 1960 in the United States. There have been advancements in hip replacement surgery, considering its success rates. Agency for healthcare research and quality states that over 5.5 million hip replacements are performed annually worldwide.


WHY IS HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY REQUIRED?

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Post-traumatic injury stress or arthritis
  • Vascular necrosis
  • Hip deformation since childhood

Our lifestyles have changed to a sedentary way of life, involving less of exercise and more of unhealthy habits. Our bones have become brittle, thanks to our abusive way of eating and not exercising them or moving them. Bones are subject wear and tear as one becomes old, and hip being a very susceptible part of the human anatomy is more likely to bear the brunt. To heal the excoriating pain in the hip area which cannot be cured by alternative methods such as medications and physiotherapy, surgery is a last resort.

The surgeon may perform procedures using:

  • Incision: A surgeon makes small incisions or one large incision, the damaged hip is cleaned and removed and a new one is placed in its place.
  • Hardware: based on the prognosis of the patient, metal, plastic or ceramic joint to be used is determined
  • Cement or cement-less option is chosen on the basis of patient history. Without cement, the bone grows back and aligns itself with the joint and is the best-suited option of younger patients, in cement based surgery, cement is applied onto the joint surface for better binding of the joint.

Total hip replacement surgery is done to replace a damaged hip joint, with an artificial hip joint (made of plastic or cement). Total hip replacement surgery is done for patients who have injured their hip, or patients suffering from high degree osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, and improves their quality of life to a great extent as the damaged cartilage is removed. Partial hip replacement is also considered for patients who are aged below 60 years. In this procedure only the required amount of bone is removed, the femur shaft is left in place. Only the head of the femur is shaped again and is capped with an artificial shell-like object, this reduces the pain and increases mobility to a great extent. The trauma and pain in this surgery are comparatively less, compared to a total hip replacement surgery. The recovery is faster in patients of the younger generation. However totals hip replacement surgery has the following advantages.

The new prosthesis performs activities like that of a hip joint, and it has varied advantages compared to disadvantages.

  • It reduces hip pain significantly after few weeks of the surgery. Inflammation is also reduced to a great extent
  • Mobility is gained, and activities such as walking, stair-climbing, cycling can be performed with ease.
  • The quality of life improves once activity starts small pleasures of life such as gardening, walking, cycling helps one lead a healthy and happy life. Pain reduces and one can concentrate on hobbies which were missed earlier.

Complications are very rare in hip replacement or arthroplasty. However due to any other allied reasons complications such as

  • Infection
  • Dislocation of prosthesis
  • Thigh pain/Hip pain
  • Stiffness in the hip joint

Such complications arise only if the surgeon’s advice is not followed. One must take the prescribed medicines, rest and physiotherapy after the surgery which helps better healing and faster recovery. KIMS boasts of a state of art orthopedics’ care centre, which ensures budget friendly quality treatment. KIMS has a best of Doctors, surgeons and Para-medical staff who work round the clock to give the best possible treatment. KIMS doctors use the latest procedures and are rated one of the most efficient doctors in performing hip and knee replacement surgeries.


Why KIMS Hospitals only?

In India host of hospitals perform hip and knee replacement surgeries, why choose KIMS only?

  • Dynamism at its best: KIMS adopts new technologies and procedures to provide patients with the best possible treatments available.
  • Budget friendly hospital which ensures quality treatment is provided
  • Best doctors in Hyderabad who have had their education and experience in renowned hospitals such as Vellore CMS, All India Institute of Medical sciences.
  • Pre-operative and post-operative care par excellence
  • Round the clock monitoring by our expert team of doctors and allied staff
  • It’s not a hospital, but a second home.
  • Uses new techniques such as PATH, which involves minimal invasions and scanty removal of tissues, first of its kind in Hyderabad and South India.
  • We are part in the recovery procedure and ensure your speedy recovery.

Our specialities include:

  • Primary Hip Replacement
  • Revision Hip replacement
  • Hip replacement for fracture neck of femur
  • Internal fixation for fracture hip
  • Pelvic &Acetabular fracture fixation
  • Hip osteotomies
  • Distraction arthrodia stasis

KIMS Hospitals is the only hospital in South India where the best hip replacement surgeons, modern equipment, excellent infra facilities converge under one roof to treat patients in a pocket-friendly environment.

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