Kidney disease can affect your body's ability to clean your blood, filter extra water out of your blood, and help control your blood pressure. You're born with two kidneys. They're on either side of your spine, just above your waist. When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body.
At every stage of life, you can do a lot of things to keep your kidneys functioning properly and keep them as healthy as possible.
Some of the ways to keep your kidneys functioning properly are:
- Hydrate: We all know that it is a good idea to drink enough water, but most of us are not aware that drinking more than the typical four to six glasses a day probably won’t help your kidneys do their job any better.
- Healthy Diet: Eat healthy foods. Most kidney problems arise out of other medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes. Your kidneys can tolerate a wide range of dietary habits. Follow healthy, moderate eating habits to control weight and blood pressure. Preventing diabetes and high blood pressure will help improve kidney health.
- Exercise Regularly: Overexerting yourself when you’re not fit and healthy can put a strain on your kidneys, especially if you exercise so much that you cause excessive breakdown of muscle tissue. Exercising, healthy eating habits, regular physical activity can stave off weight gain and high blood pressure. But on the other side, you should be mindful of how much exercise you do, especially if you’re not conditioned.
- Quit Smoking: Smoking can damage blood vessels, which decreases the flow of blood in the kidneys. When the kidneys don’t have adequate blood flow, they can’t function at optimal levels. Smoking also increases the risk of high blood pressure as well as the risk of kidney cancer.
- Avoid Pain Killers: Pain killer pills can cause serious damage to your kidneys. If you have healthy kidneys and use these medicines for occasional pain, they probably don’t pose a risk. But if you take them for chronic pain or arthritis, you should talk to your doctor about monitoring your kidney function or finding alternative ways to control your pain. Even abuse of pain killer medicines can pose serious risks to kidneys
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