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Dr. R. Chandrasekhar Naidu, Friday, November 8, 2019

Brain is the engine of the steering wheel of the body.  The brain does not function the body becomes static.  A person gets in a vegetative state once the brain function deteriorates.   Modern invasive and non invasive procedures have simplified brain surgeries to a great extent.  Brain surgeries involve most set of nerves and brain surgeons are also referred as neuro-surgeons.  Brain sends its signals through the functions and many a times surgery is the only corrective option. The most common neurosurgeries  performed are:

Anterior cervical discectomy: Discectomy means removal of the disc.  The herniated disc causes severe pain in the neck, which becomes unmanageable, even after alternative treatments such as physiotherapy, this surgery is opted for, where in the troubled disc is removed, which gives a permanent solution.

  • Chiari Decompression: The bone at the back of the skull is removed to regain body and  brain co-ordination.
  • Craniectomy: a part of the skull is removed, due to  which the  brain swells, and extra space is created preventing the brain from being crushed.
  • Epilepsy Surgery:  Epeliptics do not respond medicenes the second line of treatment is surgery. The portion of the brain that is causing seizures is removed as a solution.
  • Laminectomy: laminectomy is a minimal invasive surgery.  Vertebral bone is removed by making small incisions in the skin.
  • Lumbar Puncture:  Lumbar puncture is commonly called as spinal tap and is basically used detect many problems underlying in the central nervous system.
  • Microdisectomy: herniated discs in the lumbar area are treated through this procedure.
  • Spinal fusion: this surgery is done to treat a spine that is degenerating, to keep the spine stable.
  • Ventricoluperitoneal shunt:  a shunt implanted is used to drain excess fluid accumulation in the brain.
  • Ventriculostomy:  A tube is used to pull out excess brain fluid without implantation.



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