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STROKE AND ITS RISKS

Dr. S. Mohan Das, Friday, November 8, 2019

What is a stroke?

When blood supply to the brain is cut-off it is termed as a stroke, as the cells die out due to lack of blood resulting in a brain attack or stroke. Strokes are manageable and in most cases the victim survives if he or she receives timely and appropriate treatment.

Types of Stroke

The most common type’s strokes that can attack a person are:

  • Ischemic Stroke: If the blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain gets blocked completely it results in a brain stroke. Often this happens by a blood clot that flows through some other place. For example, there may be fatty deposits in arteries which restrict the blood supply to the brain. There may be clots in the heart due to an irregular heartbeat or arterial fibrillations.
  • Transient Ischemic Stroke:A transient ischemic stroke is of temporary nature and it operates on the same lines of an ischemic stroke.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: When a blood vessel in the brain bursts and bleeds it results in a hemorrhagic stroke. This happens on account of uncontrolled blood pressure.

Risk factors for Stroke:

The main risk factors of stroke are

  • High blood pressure over and the reading 140/90.
  • Diabetes that is not managed
  • Arterial fibrillations
  • Presence of bad cholesterol in the heart
  • Hardened arteries
  • Abuse of alcohol
  • Heavy smoking
  • Preventive Measures for stroke:
  • Control blood pressure
  • Managing diabetes
  • Maintaining good heart health by taking non-fatty foods
  • Exercising moderately
  • Quitting to smoke
  • Limiting alcohol intake

Strokes are easily preventable by following healthy lifestyles. We must live a stress- free life, exercise regularly and avoid junk food or too much of salt in our diet. Smoking lowers the oxygen consumption by the cells in our body; the cells in the brain are starved of oxygen-rich blood leading to strokes.

Stroke treatment at KIMS

KIMS is the best neurological care hospital in Hyderabad with a great breed of neurologists and neuro-surgeons specializing in treatment of brain strokes. We have achieved many mile stones in the treatment of patients who have come to us with critical brain strokes in all emergency situations.

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