Female Fertility Profile
For a woman to be fertile, the ovaries must release healthy eggs regularly, and her reproductive tract must allow the eggs and sperm to pass into her fallopian tubes to become fertilized by a sperm. Her reproductive organs must be healthy and functional.
After your doctor asks questions regarding your health history, menstrual cycle and sexual habits, you'll undergo a general physical examination. This includes a regular gynecological examination. Specific fertility tests may include :
Ovulation Testing :
A blood test is sometimes performed to measure hormone levels to determine whether you are ovulating.
This test evaluates the condition of your uterus and fallopian tubes. Fluid is injected into your uterus, and an X-ray is taken to determine if the cavity is normal and ensure the fluid progresses through your fallopian tubes. Blockage or problems often can be located and may be corrected with surgery.
Performed under general anesthesia, this procedure involves making a small incision (8 to 10 millimeters) beneath your navel and inserting a thin viewing device to examine your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. The most common problems identified by laparoscopy are endometriosis and scarring. Your doctor can also detect blockages or irregularities of the fallopian tubes and uterus. Laparoscopy generally is done on an outpatient basis.
Hormone Testing :
Hormone tests may be done to check levels of ovulatory hormones as well as thyroid and pituitary hormones.
Ovarian reserve Testing :
Testing may be done to determine the potential effectiveness of the eggs after ovulation. This approach often begins with hormone testing early in a woman's menstrual cycle.
Genetic Testing :
Genetic testing may be done to determine whether there's a genetic defect causing infertility.
Pelvic ultrasound :
Pelvic ultrasound may be done to look for uterine or fallopian tube disease.
Chlamydia Testing (Urine Test) :
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both males and females. Chlamydia can cause significant damage to the Fallopian tubes in females if left untreated.
Rubella Screening (Blood Test) :
Rubella is an infectious disease that in most cases presents as a mild condition and an infection often passes unnoticed. The disease does not affect your ability to conceive but it can be serious in pregnant women as it can harm the unborn baby. If the blood test indicates that you are not immune to Rubella then it is would be a strong recommendation to stop trying to conceive until you have been vaccinated against the Rubella.
This test will check that the cavity of the uterus is normal, it reveals if there are any lesions on the lining of the womb or polyps, fibroids in the cavity; it requires a injection of sterile saline into the cavity of the uterus
This test will check whether your fallopian tubes are open and working properly. This test requires that a special dye is injected through the cervix in the womb and subsequently through the fallopian tubes. It is a minimally invasive procedure and provides valuable information about the fallopian tubes and your uterine cavity.
Male Fertility Profile
For a man to be fertile, the testicles must produce enough healthy sperm, and the sperm must be ejaculated effectively into the woman's vagina. Tests for male infertility attempt to determine whether any of these processes are impaired.
General physical examination :
This includes examination of your genitals and questions concerning your medical history, illnesses and disabilities, medications, and sexual habits.
Semen analysis :
This is a very important test for the male partner. Your doctor may ask for one or more semen specimens. Semen is generally obtained by masturbating or by interrupting intercourse and ejaculating your semen into a clean container. A laboratory analyzes your semen specimen for quantity, color, and presence of infections or blood.
Hormone Testing :
A blood test to determine the level of testosterone and other male hormones is common.
Transrectal and scrotal ultrasound :
Ultrasound can help your doctor look for evidence of conditions such as retrograde ejaculation and ejaculatory duct obstruction.
DNA Fragmentation Testing :
Abnormal sperm DNA fragmentation is found in around 20-30% of men seeking fertility treatment, which is nearly ten times higher than that of the fertile population. It is also important to note that some men may have a normal semen analysis but an abnormal sperm DNA fragmentation result. This is because the two tests evaluate different aspects of sperm.
We provide blood tests, scans, investigations and prescriptions for people who are not having fertility treatment with us :
- Ultrasound scan and report
- Transvaginal ultrasound scan and report
- Pregnancy scan
- Pregnancy blood test
- AMH blood test
- Female fertility hormone blood tests
- STI and STD screening packages
- Prescriptions for and injections of fertility drugs, including Gonal-F, Ovitrelle and Prostap. Please be aware that a consultation with a doctor will be required before any medication is prescribed
- Consultations to interpret tests and scan reports