A Cadaver transplant is done from a brain dead person, once the relatives give consent for the same. A person may become brain-dead due to various reasons such as an accident or any other ailment; the relatives might be willing to harvest his organs. After taking the necessary approvals in place, the kidney from the brain dead person is harvested and the person who requires the kidney transplant is prepared for the surgery.
The reasons why Kidneys fail:
Our body is a machine subject to wear and tear. Kidneys usually start mal-functioning due reasons such as :
- Alcohol abuse
- Uncontrolled hyper tension or diabetes
- Drugs or medications that may have adverse effect on kidneys
- Polycystic kidneys
These factors contribute to toxins not being filtered out of our bodies, which mean we need to go in for dialysis or dilatation treatment based on the severity of the problem.
Evaluation before the cadaver transplant :
A thorough evaluation by our expert team is done to arrive if the kidney transplant will be successful or not, only after which appropriate measures by the hospital authorities will be taken after screening the following factors
- Age of the patient
- Any existing ailments such as heart related problems, asthma, urinary infections
- Liver condition of the patient
- Obesity, diabetes
Blood grouping is done to match the recipient and donor
- If blood type is A, donor blood type/group must be A or O
- If blood type is B, donor blood type/group must be B or O
- If blood type is AB (universal recipient), donor blood type must be A, B, AB or O
- If blood type is O (universal donor), donor blood type/group must be O
Human Leukocyte Antigen test: The tissue of the recipient is matched with that of a deceased person’s kidney. The antigens present on the white blood cells of the recipient must match to that of the donor’s.
Serology Tests:The patient is checked for transmissible ailments like HIV or any other potential infections or virus that may be communicated.
Cross Match: The antibodies of the donor are matched with that of the recipient which is essential before a transplant.
WHO QUALIFIES FOR A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT?
- A child or adult suffering from End stage renal problem(ESRD)
- Is stable in rest of the aspects
- Adults over the age of 60 may be further reviewed for cardio related problems
WHO CANNOT UNDERGO A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT?
- Individuals with heart ailments that were diagnosed recently
- HIV infected or any other serious ailments like Cancer
- Uncontrolled chronic hypertension and diabetes
- Any infection in the bladder, liver or kidneys or the lungs
- These conditions must not exist before the kidney transplant takes place.
THE PROCEDURE OF TRANSPLANTATION:
The harvested kidney is placed in the pelvis area and not in the back. The blood artery and vein which contain the blood flow are connected to the new kidney in the pelvis area. The urethra in the bladder is connected to the pelvis through a small incision. This procedure usually lasts from two to three hours. After the transplantation is done the patient is placed under observation and monitoring in the recovery room.
At KIMS, we ensure that you start walking in 12 to 24 hours. The recovery period is usually three to four weeks. The newly transplanted kidney starts functioning sometimes after a week or two.This condition is often referred to as “sleepy kidney” or acute tubular necrosis in such cases extended dialysis may be required, until the transplanted kidney starts functioning.
An immunosuppressant is administered to prevent our body from rejecting the newly transplanted kidney, which may cause cancer in very rare cases depending upon the prognosis of the patient. The patient can return to routine work usually a month after the surgery, and also strict adherence to diet restrictions must be followed to prevent any relapses.
KIMS is one of the leading hospitals in South Asia for Kidney transplants with a success rate of almost 100%. We have a dedicated team of professionals catering to our transplant and dialysis unit, offering round the clock state of the art care. We help the patient and their relatives in finding the cadaver donor, matching the kidneys and harvesting the same and its implantation. We are with you in every step ensuring the best possible treatment at affordable costs and saving your loved ones.
Our team has mastered the new techniques of Successful high-risk transplantations. We have performed crucial cadaver kidney transplantations in children as well as adults, the patients have returned to normal activities in a short span of time.
Prevention before cure: Steps to prevent kidney failure:
- Weight management through exercise
- Diabetes and blood pressure control through proper medications
- Healthy lifestyle pattern
- Consumption of more water and liquids to flush out toxins
- If you are genetically susceptible, kindly come to us for screening tests
- Limit intake of alcohol, rave drugs
- Don’t abuse pain killer intake